Musculoskeletal System Health


Vertebral column - 26 vertebrae in an adult and 33 vertebrae in a child; encloses and protects the spinal cord and serves as a point of attachment for the ribs and back muscles, it makes up about two-fifths of your total height. It is also called the backbone, spine, or spinal column.


Vertebral column - the base of life, the support, the foundation and what kind of foundation we have, that kind of stability we have in this life. 


Although the musculoskeletal system is one of the strongest systems in the human body, it is in need of serious maintenance. Any sports played since childhood, especially when pursued professionally, usually result in injury, and later in life lead to the destruction of the spine and most of the musculoskeletal structure. 


Vertebral column - is a set of bones connected to multiple systems. It consists of seven cervical vertebrae (neck area), twelve thoracic (chest area), five lumbar (lower back area), one sacrum (triangular bone at the base of the spine), consisting of five fused sacral vertebrae, and one coccyx (tailbone area), usually consisting of four fused coccygeal vertebrae. It also consists of intervertebral discs. The center of gravity passes in front of the spine and never

gets to the spine itself.


The vertebral column has four magical curves that keep us safe – cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral curves.The curves of the vertebral column increase its strength, help maintain balance in the upright position, absorb shocks during walking, and help protect the vertebrae from fracture. If the cervical curve is missing, it

destroys the cervical vertebrae, because the center of gravity moves. If the

lumbar curve is lost, the lumbar vertebrae will collapse, because the center

gravity of the waist moves  too.


When either of the curves is lost, the center of gravity passes through the neck,

thethoracic vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae and falls to the heel level. The

footceases to restrain shocks when a person walks. Each shock (step) to the

ground affects the spine, gradually starting from the bottom - loss of the fifth,

fourth,third,etc. lumbar vertebrae to the neck, because the system works as

a wear-and-tearsystem. The transverse flatfoot begins to develop immediately.


The lumbar curve is usually destroyed during improper exercise. Starting in the

school - as soon as the child starts kindergarden, physical education classes begin

the destruction of the spine; because the 90% of exercises that are taught to

children in the schools are not taught correctly.


Certain exercises, such as full flexion of the waist, (as in touching your toes)

overstretch the erector spinae muscles (a bundle of muscles and tendons - the

largest muscular mass of the body which extends the vertebral column). Straightening up from such a position is initiated by the hamstring muscles in the back of the thigh and the gluteus maximus muscle. Muscles that are overstretched cannot contract effectively. If the ligaments and muscles are weak, discs in the lower back can become weakened and may herniate (rupture) with excessive lifting or a sudden fall. The result can be painful muscle spasms, tearing of tendons and ligaments of the lower back, and herniation of intervertebral discs.


Teachers at schools are usually untrained people and they only know this destructive spine gymnastics. Therefore, 70% of children in schools have scoliosis since kindergarden. Children have small ligaments that are very elastic. If a child with scoliosis tries to flex forward, they will not be able to do it easily or correctly because their hips are out of line and they have a twisted spine. If you or your child wears out one shoe quicker than the other, it means this leg is shorter, because that hip is elevated. If a child is leaning on one leg or sitting with one leg underneath him, that means the hips out of line and it must be corrected first.


Untrained people also should not use the shoulder-stand pose, steeplechase or long jump, because we are usually repel from one foot and land on the other. All exercises should be done only if you know the proper technique. The four factors associated with increased risk of back injury are amount of force, repetition, posture, and stress applied to the backbone. Poor physical condition, poor posture, lack of exercise, and excessive body weight contribute to the number and severity of sprains and strains. 


A vast majority of the world’s population have displaced pelvic bones. The spine should be aligned from the foundation — from the pelvic bones. If you have pain in the pelvic or sacrum area, the coccyx needs to be properly aligned. If a person has a coccyx fracture, commonly called a 'broken tailbone', due to a fall into a seated position, childbirth or other pathology during activities that put pressure on the affected area, and has pain that increases in severity when sitting or getting up from a chair, or when experiencing bowel movement, it is necessary to seek help. One of the most effective and painless therapies is CranioSacral Therapy. This therapy can help correct the problem by bringing the displaced or broken tailbone back into its normal position.



















The sacrum is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine. It usually consists of five initially unfused vertebrae which begin to fuse between ages 16–18 and are usually completely fused into a single bone by age 34. It is curved upon itself and tilted forward. It is inserted like a wedge between the two hip bones using for its connection the sacroiliac joints. It is only the place, where the hip bones and complete lower part of the body is attached to our entire body.


The pubic symphysis is the joint between the two pubes of the hip bones. It consists of a disc of fibrocartilage. In the later stages of pregnancy, the hormone relaxin (produced by the ovaries and placenta), increases the flexibility of the pubic symphysis to ease delivery of the baby. The complete ring composed of the hip bones, pubic symphysis, and sacrum forms a deep, basinlike structure called the bony pelvis. Functionally, the bony pelvis provides a strong and stable support for the vertebral column, pelvic and lower abdominal organs.


When the lumbar curve is lost, it straightens the sacrum (the normal position of the sacrum is about 45 degrees, and rectified the tail bone down to the floor) and begins to wedge the spine inside the pelvic bones causing a significant reduction in the height of the intervertebral discs. The sacrum falls and the pelvis rises to the top which can be the cause of pain in the hips, back, lower back, organs in the bowl of the pelvis, uterus, bladder and ovaries. This can cause a person to develop various gynecological diseases, fibroids, etc. because of the damaged nerves in the spine, thus violating the blood circulation and the natural environment of the internal organs.


When a person is overweight and/or carries heavy bags all the time in one hand, or an athlete, such us football or volleyball players, karate practitioners, gymnasts and figure skaters, who is always jumping from one leg and landing on the other, the sacroiliac joints (the place where the hips are connected to the sacrum) move up from 1cm to 5cm. This results in damage of one of the sides of the pelvic, knee, and ankle joints and develops a hallux abducto valgus deformity, commonly called a bunion.  If, because of the pain or discomfort on this side, the person moves to a different side, the bunion will develop on the other side as well.


The bones of the foot are arranged in two arches that are held in position by

ligaments and tendons. The arches enable the foot to support the weight of

thebody, provide an ideal distribution of body weight over the soft and hard

tissues of the foot and provide leverage while walking. The arches are not rigid;

they yieldas weight is applied and spring back when the weight is lifted, thus

storing energyfor the next step and help absorb shock. Usually, the arches are

fully developed by age 12 to 13.


If these ligaments and tendons are weakened, the height of the medial

longitudinalarch may decrease or “fall.” The result is flatfoot, which causes excessive weight, postural abnormalities, and weakened supporting tissues. Fallen arches may lead to inflammation of the deep fascia of the sole plantar fasciitis (a common painful disorder of the heel and plantar surface of the foot), Achilles tendinitis (generally caused by overuse of the affected limb, accompanied by inflammation), shin splints (general pain in the lower part of the leg between the knee and the ankle), stress fractures (incomplete fracture in bones), bunions (lateral deviation of the great toe, an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe) and calluses (toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard). 


Because of this, Eastern countries such as Japan, China, Vietnam and others, wear flip flops that help

train the ligament between the first and second finger. They hold slippers with two toes. 

 

A bunion is the beginning of the destruction of the spine due to poor posture. If the bunion on the

right foot,it means the right leg is shorter. If on the left, the left is shorter. If on both, it means the

person wasstandingon one foot, and when it started to hurt, he moved to another. This is why it

starts with one footand thenbecomes both.

 

If a child has flat feet, it means his pelvis is displaced. If he wears out the shoe on one foot faster,

crouches,stands on his toes, etc, in all these cases, we must look at the pelvic bones, which must

be positioned inahorizontal plane.


Pelvic bones also displace with fall on the coccyx. Whichever side absorbs the fall is the side that gets

displaced. The hip rises and there is an automatic transfer of gravity on that leg. Everyone who puts morepressure on one leg often raises the same shoulder for the balance to keep him from falling. If you carry a bag all the time on one shoulder, it means you have that shoulder higher that another. In this situation, the spine bends, the shoulder lifts and the vertebras begin to bend at an angle into itself, which causes of the spinal nerves compression, which can lead to heartaches, renal failure (also kidney failure or renal insufficiency), fibrocystic breast changes etc. 


All women who have sore breasts have displaced intervertebral discs. Mammary glands can not hurt under any circumstances, because the nipples are the only part in the breasts that are innervated. The only possible cause of the pain is a compressed nerve in the spine between two vertebrae. Fibrocystic breast changes are pathology of the sympathetic nervous system and hormone disorders that occur secondarily. Therefore, the problem can be in one place, but the cause in different places.


In 90% of pain related issues, it is usually cause from a back problem or a distant nerve branches being compressed. Unless the person suffered from a physical trauma to the elbow or foot itself, for example, they fell on the knee or any part of the hand, and then it will be a specific damage.


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